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Briton Roger Penrose, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez won the... (53)

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TOPSHOT - German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (R) stands among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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Reinhard Genzel, right, astrophysicist at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, celebrates his Nobel Prize in Physics with his team in Garching, Germany, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. (Matthias Balk/dpa via AP)

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Reinhard Genzel, right, astrophysicist at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, celebrates his Nobel Prize in Physics with his team in Garching, Germany, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. (Matthias Balk/dpa via AP)

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Andrea Ghez, professor of physics and astronomy at UCLA, poses during an interview at the university in Los Angeles, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. Ghez was one of three scientists who was awarded this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe. (AP Photo/Aron Ranen)

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Roger Penrose poses for a photographer in Oxford, England, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. Three scientists Briton Roger Penrose, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez won the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe and still confound astronomers.(AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

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Roger Penrose poses for a photographer in Oxford, England, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. Three scientists Briton Roger Penrose, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez won the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe and still confound astronomers.(AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

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Roger Penrose poses for a photographer in Oxford, England, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. Three scientists Briton Roger Penrose, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez won the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe and still confound astronomers.(AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

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Roger Penrose poses for a photographer in Oxford, England, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. Three scientists Briton Roger Penrose, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez won the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe and still confound astronomers.(AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

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Roger Penrose poses for a photographer in Oxford, England, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. Three scientists Briton Roger Penrose, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez won the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe and still confound astronomers.(AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

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Roger Penrose poses for a photographer in Oxford, England, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. Three scientists Briton Roger Penrose, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez won the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe and still confound astronomers.(AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (R) stands among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (R) stands among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

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This undated handout photo released on October 6, 2020 courtesy of UCLA and Elena Zhukova shows Andrea Ghez, UCLA's Lauren B. Leichtman and Arthur E. Levine Professor of Astrophysics, who has been awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize on October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said.The physicists were selected "for their discoveries about one of the most exotic phenomena in the universe, the black hole," the Nobel Committee said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. (Photo by Elena Zhukova / University of California, Los Angeles / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /UCLA/ELENA ZHUKOVA/HANDOUT " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (3rd L) stands among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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David Haviland (L), member of the Nobel Committee for Physics, and Goran K Hansson, Secretary General of the Academy of Sciences, sit in front of a screen displaying the winners of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics (L-R) Briton Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, on October 6, 2020. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize on Tuesday for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Fredrik SANDBERG / TT NEWS AGENCY / AFP) / Sweden OUT

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (3rd L) reacts among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (C) reacts among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (C) reacts at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (R) reacts among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (R) reacts among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel (R) reacts among members of his team at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel is pictured at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

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A handout picture released by Oxford University shows Roger Penrose posing on October 6, 2020 in Oxford after winning the Nobel Physics Prize. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize today for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Handout / Oxford University / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /OXFORD UNIVERSITY " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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A handout picture released by Oxford University shows Roger Penrose posing on October 6, 2020 in Oxford after winning the Nobel Physics Prize. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize today for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Handout / Oxford University / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /OXFORD UNIVERSITY " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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(COMBO) This combination of pictures created on October 06, 2020 showing (L-R) a handout picture released by Oxford University shows Roger Penrose posing on October 6, 2020 in Oxford after winning the Nobel Physics Prize, an undated handout photo released on October 6, 2020 courtesy of UCLA and Elena Zhukova shows professor Andrea Ghez of the US and German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics on October 6, 2020 in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. (Photos by various sources / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /OXFORD UNIVERSITY " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /UCLA/ELENA ZHUKOVA/HANDOUT " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS /

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This undated handout image released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) on October 6, 2020 shows German Professor Reinhard Genzel posing at the Paranal Observatory in Paranal, some 1150 km north of Santiago, Chile. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. (Photo by - / European Southern Observatory / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY (ESO)" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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Andrea Ghez, UCLA professor and winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics, is seen on a video grab Zoom conference call with the news media on October 6, 2020 in Los Angeles, California. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize on October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. Andrea Ghez is just the fourth woman to receive the physics prize since 1901 when the first Nobel prizes were handed out. (Photo by Frederic J. BROWN / AFP)

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Andrea Ghez, UCLA professor and winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics, is seen on a video grab Zoom conference call with the news media on October 6, 2020 in Los Angeles, California. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize on October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. Andrea Ghez is just the fourth woman to receive the physics prize since 1901 when the first Nobel prizes were handed out. (Photo by Frederic J. BROWN / AFP)

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(COMBO) This combination of pictures created on October 06, 2020 shows (L-R) a handout picture released by Oxford University shows Roger Penrose posing on October 6, 2020 in Oxford after winning the Nobel Physics Prize, German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics on October 6, 2020 in Garching near Munich, southern Germany, after he was named co-winner of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics, and an undated handout photo obtained on October 6, 2020 from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shows US astronomer and professor Andrea Ghez. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. (Photos by various sources / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /OXFORD UNIVERSITY " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / UCLA /Christopher Dibble " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS /

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TOPSHOT - Nobel Committee members Patrik Ernfors (L) and Gunilla Karlsson Hedestam sit in front of a screen displaying the winners of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (L-R) American Harvey Alter, Briton Michael Houghton and American Charles Rice during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 5, 2020. - Americans Harvey Alter and Charles Rice together with Briton Michael Houghton won the Nobel Medicine Prize on Monday for the discovery of the Hepatitis C virus, the Nobel jury said. (Photo by Jonathan NACKSTRAND / AFP)

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TOPSHOT - This undated handout photo obtained October 5, 2020, courtesy of the University of Alberta shows Dr. Michael Houghton in his lab at Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology. - Americans Harvey Alter and Charles Rice together with Briton Michael Houghton won the Nobel Medicine Prize on October 5, 2020 for the discovery of the Hepatitis C virus, the Nobel jury said.The three were honoured for their "decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis, a major global health problem that causes cirrhosis and liver cancer in people around the world," the jury said. Thanks to their discovery, highly sensitive blood tests for the virus are now available and these have "essentially eliminated post-transfusion hepatitis in many parts of the world, greatly improving global health", the Nobel committee said. (Photo by Richard SIEMENS / UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO /UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA/RICHARD SIEMENS/HANDOUT " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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Reinhard Genzel, right, astrophysicist at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, celebrates his Nobel Prize in Physics with his team in Garching, Germany, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. (Matthias Balk/dpa via AP), APTOPIX

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Reinhard Genzel, right, astrophysicist at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, celebrates his Nobel Prize in Physics with his team in Garching, Germany, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020. (Matthias Balk/dpa via AP)

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This handout image released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) on October 6, 2020 shows shows the orbits of stars very close to the supermassive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way. One of these stars, named S2, orbits every 16 years and is passing very close to the black hole in May 2018. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. (Photo by - / European Southern Observatory / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY (ESO)" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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FILE - Host Janna Levin left, and Andrea Ghez in the "Black Hole Apocalypse" panel during the PBS Television Critics Association Summer Press Tour at the Beverly Hilton on Monday, July 31, 2017, in Beverly Hills, Calif. Ghez is one of three scientists awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for discoveries related black holes. (Photo by Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP, File)

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This undated handout photo obtained on October 6, 2020 from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shows US astronomer and professor Andrea Ghez. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize on October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. Andrea Ghez is just the fourth woman to receive the physics prize since 1901 when the first Nobel prizes were handed out. (Photo by Christopher DIBBLE / UCLA / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / UCLA /Christopher Dibble " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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This undated handout photo obtained on October 6, 2020 from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shows US astronomer and professor Andrea Ghez. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize on October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. Andrea Ghez is just the fourth woman to receive the physics prize since 1901 when the first Nobel prizes were handed out. (Photo by Christopher Dibble / UCLA / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / UCLA /Christopher Dibble " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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This undated handout photo obtained on October 6, 2020 from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shows US astronomer and professor Andrea Ghez. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize on October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. Andrea Ghez is just the fourth woman to receive the physics prize since 1901 when the first Nobel prizes were handed out. (Photo by Christopher Dibble / University of California, Los Angeles / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / UCLA /Christopher Dibble " - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

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This handout image released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) on October 6, 2020 shows the central parts of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, as observed in the near-infrared with the NACO instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope. - Roger Penrose of Britain, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US won the Nobel Physics Prize October 6, 2020 for their research into black holes, the Nobel jury said. Penrose, 89, was honoured for showing "that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes", while Genzel, 68, and Ghez, 55, were jointly awarded for discovering "that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy," the jury said. (Photo by - / European Southern Observatory / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY (ESO)" - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS