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Макоко: руйнівний вплив інфляції на освіту (60)

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "When we returned to pick up the children from their homes after the lockdown, some of the parents told us that the children were now going to help them fish and that they would no longer have to rely on them for school. For many children, big dreams have been shattered," said a teacher in the slum.Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - This wave of school dropouts threatens to be a long ball and chain for the country. Beyond the economic consequences, let's also think about the social and security implications: illiteracy is the main fuel for intolerance. Nigeria knows something of this with the terrorist organization Boko Haram," warns Osayi Izedonmwen, a social entrepreneur in the education sector.

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "Poverty is pure in the slums, it's a blanket of lead that crushes everything," says Tunde Okanoya. Without outside intervention, these children will never realize their potential and will become burdens on society. The practice of chess, by its international prestige, shows that the students of the slums are no less intelligent than another and commands respect. " Makoko, Lagos, 01/26/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The shantytown that is called the "Venice of Lagos" has nothing in common with the Serenissima. Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Dorcas and Rolande, aged 14 and 12 respectively, have not been able to return to school for two years and now help their mother with the drying of fish.Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Felicienne, fish smoker, is Marceline's daughter. Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - According to a UN study, 11 million girls may never return to school. "They are more likely to be out of school than boys," says Emmanuel Obiudun, the principal of Whanyyinna School. Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Rice, beans, flour, oil...everything we consume has tripled or quadrupled in recent months," says Marceline, a mother of six.

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Estelle, one of the daughters of Marceline Djigbe, a fish smoker from Makoko. Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The unhealthy canals of the "Venice of Africa". Under the churning of the dugout canoes, a fierce battle is waged to lessen the social consequences of the pandemic. Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Along a canal in Makoko, a slum area of Lagos, Africa's largest city. Only 10% to 15% of the tens of thousands of children living in the slum regularly attend school, access to which is hampered by staggering poverty and lack of infrastructure. Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Along a canal in Makoko, a slum area of Lagos, Africa's largest city. Only 10% to 15% of the tens of thousands of children living in the slum regularly attend school, access to which is hampered by staggering poverty and lack of infrastructure. "Most of the parents are illiterate and, even if they had the means, would not even have the reflex to send their children to the local school," says a humanitarian who has been active in the slum for several years. Makoko, Lagos, 26/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 26/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "During the lockdown, we purchased nearly 150 radios and distributed them to our students so they could attend the rare lessons provided by the Nigerian Ministry of National Education," recalls Emmanuel Obiodun Oke, the director of the school. The other schools in Makoko were not so lucky: "The level has generally collapsed and many students have not returned to school", worries the director of a school a few hundred meters away .Makoko, Lagos, 01/26/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The slum of Makoko, on the edge of Nigeria's economic capital. Nearly 200,000 people live there in extreme poverty. Makoko, Lagos, 23/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Border closures, lockdowns and resulting inflation have destabilized the way of life of the huge fishing community of Makoko. Makoko, Lagos, 23/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "Nigeria faces a huge demographic problem," said Charlie Robertson, a British economist. By 2050, the country's population could surpass the 400 million mark. Makoko, Lagos, 01/23/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - On Sundays, people go to different churches in Makoko like these people dressed in white belonging to Celestial Church of Christ National in the slum. Makoko, Lagos, 23/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Victims of the Lagos population explosion, of overfishing in the Gulf of Guinea and of the implacable efficiency of free trade, the population of Makoko imports today from Poland and the Netherlands nearly 70% of the fish that they smoke and then ship to the Lagos markets..Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - In this immense fishermen's district, there is no health system, no drinking water, no electricity and no public school. Infant mortality is at record levels (Nigeria is, with Somalia, the country in the world most seriously affected by the phenomenon).Makoko, Lagos, 23/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Vu du ciel.Makoko, Lagos, 23/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The confinements stopped more than a year ago, but many of my students are still missing," confirms Fidele Nakoute, the principal of the small wood and metal school. Makoko, Lagos, 23/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "People have become dizzyingly impoverished" testifies Janvier Houedouto, the co-founder of a small school of wood and sheet metal in the heart of the slum. Makoko, Lagos, 01/23/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 23/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Weakened by nearly a decade of low oil prices and an insufficiently diversified economy, the country has had to apply for several emergency grants from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank since the start of the pandemic.Makoko, Lagos, 23/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "Chess has changed my life," says Tunde Onakoya, the association's founder. I myself come from a slum and my parents could not afford to study. I learned chess at a local hairdresser, got good at it, and eventually got a college scholarship. Without this game, God knows what I would have become." Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "Chess is about strategizing, being creative, poised and thoughtful. It stimulates me and allows me to develop my curiosity," enthuses Maya, a student from the chess club. "These students are more diligent in school, they fall in love with the act of learning," enthuses one of their teachers. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Vivianne, 11, became passionate about school through chess. "I didn't even speak English when I arrived," recalls the young prodigy who now dreams of becoming a nurse. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Since 2018, the association "Chess in Slums Africa" intends to give children the desire to go to school again. "Chess is an excellent way to develop these children and instill ambition," explains Tunde Omakoya, the founder of the association. Present in several underprivileged areas of Lagos thanks to partnerships with local schools, the association currently offers about a hundred scholarships to its most diligent young members. And so it intends to force fate: in Makoko, no student has reached university for more than a decade.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Marcelo, 10, has also taken to the game and now dreams of becoming an international master. "Chess gives me a reason to come to school," says the boy living in a stilt house among the slum's unsanitary canals. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The schoolyard of Whanyyinna School in Makoko. "Even though our schools are free, the cost of school supplies and food, although meager, are insurmountable for many," testifies its director.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Sylvain Hounkpe, the principal of the "Keys to Success" school, notes, like many others, a wave of dropouts in the schools of the slum.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "Since the beginning of the pandemic, it has become increasingly difficult to convince people to entrust us with their offspring", testifies a professor. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Students returning to school have seen their grades plummet after seven months of confinement and dull schooling. Many will not make up for lost time.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The principal of the "Keys to Success" school, Sylvain Hounkpe in his office.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The Nigerian state is completely absent from the slum. The inhabitants had to create a school system with the means at hand. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - A school pickup dugout in the Makoko slum, Lagos. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The health crisis may disappear in the rear view mirror of Nigerians, the school system of the most populous country in Africa continues its descent into hell. Makoko, Lagos, 01/23/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The health crisis may disappear in the rear view mirror of Nigerians, the school system of the most populous country in Africa continues its descent into hell. Makoko, Lagos, 01/23/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - "I can only afford to send three of my six children to school. So I choose the youngest," explains Philip Agosu, a fisherman from the slum. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The World Bank estimates that in 2020 alone, seven million Nigerians will be pushed into poverty by inflation alone.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - At a time when inflation is making a comeback on all five continents, the situation in developing countries is particularly perilous.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The pandemic of COVID-19 has deeply aggravated the already immense precariousness of the inhabitants of the slum. If the virus "did not reach Makoko", according to several inhabitants, it is mainly due to the inflation caused by the pandemic that the population is suffering. The prices of basic foodstuffs (oil, rice, flour, beans) have skyrocketed and led many families, financially strangled, to give up sending their children to school. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - We have not received any help from the government," says Philippe, a local resident. Government officials came by to ask about our needs at the beginning of the pandemic, but we never saw them again. According to the World Bank, inflation will have pushed seven million Nigerians into extreme poverty by 2020 alone. With more than 90 million people living on less than two dollars a day, Nigeria is now the country with the most poor people in the world, ahead of India. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The government came at the beginning of the pandemic to inquire about our needs, but we have never seen them since," says Peter Houssa, a young doctor who runs a tiny health center in the heart of the slum.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Coronavirus is the last of the concerns of the inhabitants of Makoko; they are especially afraid of malaria as here a young woman affected by malaria.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Nigeria could face significant consequences on the social front over the next decade. As throughout the developing world, millions of citizens have seen their lives turned upside down. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - A dugout canoe carries a handful of children waiting quietly in front of their frail wooden houses on stilts. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - 90% of the children in the slum do not go to school, especially since the vast majority of adults are illiterate and do not attach much importance to schooling, says Emmanuel Obiudun, a teacher who has been living in Makoko for thirteen years.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - More than 10 million Nigerian children are not in school. In the few schools in poor neighborhoods, the fruits of years of progress are threatened by a wave of uncontrolled inflation. Makoko, Lagos,

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Boys are often seen as more likely to provide for their parents in old age. An analysis verified in the roll call register of Sylvain Hounkpe's school, where nearly 70% of the students are boys. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Janvier Houedouto, the co-founder of a small school made of wood and metal sheets in the heart of the slum.Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 20/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Emmanuel Obiodun Oke, 31, is the director of Whanyinna School, the first free school in the slum and a partner of "Chess in Slums". Established in 2009, this English-speaking school now has nearly 220 students. "In thirteen years, we have managed to send about 180 students to high school. On the scale of this slum, this is already a huge achievement," explains Noah Shemede, the school's founder. Makoko, Lagos, 20/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - For the children who continue to attend school, education is a daily struggle. Without the little money needed to buy a meal or some supplies, they are never sure they will return to learn the next day. "In addition to immense economic difficulties, many parents do not have a school culture. They have never been to school themselves, so they don't see the need for it," says a volunteer teacher at a slum school. Picking up the children in the morning is often difficult. We have to keep convincing the parents. Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Plus de 10 millions d'enfants nigerians ne sont pas scolarises. Dans les rares ecoles des quartiers defavorises, les fruits de plusieurs annees de progres sont menaces par une vague inflation incontrolee. Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Nearly eleven million Nigerians have fallen below the extreme poverty line as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nigeria now holds the world record for the number of poor people. Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Nearly 90% of the slum's population is illiterate. "People give little importance to the education of their children," said a teacher. Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Throughout the slum, cardboard boxes of frozen fish from the other side of the world float on the surface of black water strewn with garbage, rotting animals and human excrement.Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - About 200,000 people live in the largest slum in Lagos, the Nigerian economic capital. Among them, a strong community of fishermen of Beninese origin present for centuries. Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - According to the latest figures released by the UN in January 2022, nearly 635 million children worldwide remain affected by full or partial school closures. In low-income countries, learning losses have left up to 70% of students under 10 unable to read simple text, up from 53% before the pandemic. "Students need intensive support to recover lost education. Schools also need to go beyond the learning environment to rebuild children's mental and physical health, social development and nutrition," said UNICEF Director Robert Jenkins. Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - The women have protested to the local authorities to obtain food aid, unfortunately without result," said Emmanuel Shemede, one of the tribal chiefs of the neighborhood. Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022

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Sadak Souici / Le Pictorium - Makoko: The ravages of inflation on education - 18/1/2022 - Nigeria / Lagos - Without a social safety net, under house arrest and with three quarters of their budget spent on food, millions of people sink deeper into poverty.Makoko, Lagos, 18/01/2022